The Post-industrial Age Of Engineering
This led to the development of the monolithic integrated circuit chip. The first integrated circuits had been the hybrid built-in circuit invented by Jack Kilby at Texas Instruments in 1958 and the monolithic built-in circuit chip invented by Robert Noyce at Fairchild Semiconductor in 1959. In 1941, Konrad Zuse presented the Z3, the world’s first absolutely functional and programmable laptop utilizing electromechanical parts. In 1943, Tommy Flowers designed and built the Colossus, the world’s first absolutely useful, electronic, digital and programmable computer.
It revolutionized the electronics industry, turning into essentially the most extensively used electronic system on the earth. The MOSFET is the essential factor in most trendy digital equipment, and has been central to the electronics revolution, the microelectronics revolution, and the Digital Revolution. The MOSFET has thus been credited because the birth of recent electronics, and probably the most important invention in electronics. The surface passivation course of, which electrically stabilized silicon surfaces by way of thermal oxidation, was developed by Mohamed M. Atalla at BTL in 1957.
It was an electrostatic telegraph that moved gold leaf through electrical conduction.
In 1946, the ENIAC (Electronic Numerical Integrator and Computer) of John Presper Eckert and John Mauchly adopted, starting the computing period. The arithmetic performance of these machines allowed engineers to develop completely new technologies and obtain new aims.
In 1897, Karl Ferdinand Braun launched the cathode ray tube as a part of an oscilloscope, a crucial enabling technology for electronic television. John Fleming invented the first radio tube, the diode, in 1904. Two years later, Robert von Lieben and Lee De Forest independently developed the amplifier tube, known as the triode. In 1782 Georges-Louis Le Sage developed and offered in Berlin in all probability the world’s first form of electrical telegraphy, using 24 totally different wires, one for each letter of the alphabet.